Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Dhanbad was established in 2005 under the aegis of Birsa Agricultural university, Kanke Ranchi Jharkhand. This Kendra was allotted 25 acres of land by Government of Jharkhand at Seed production Farm Baliapur, Dhanbad for its establishment and conductance of adaptive research trials on various aspects of agriculture, animal husbandry, horticulture, home science, agro forestry etc. for the benefit of various sections of rural and urban society. The KVK farm is located 180 kms far from the Head Quarter of Birsa Agricultural University campus and 24 Kilometer from District Head quarter Dhanbad. Krishi Vigyan. Kendra (KVK) is an innovative science based institution which undertakes vocational training for farmers, farm women and unemployed rural youths, conducts 'On Farm Research' for technology refinement and front line demonstrations to properly demonstrate the latest agricultural technologies to the farmers as well as to the extension workers. The KVK functions on the principles of collaborative participation of subject-matter specialists, extension workers and farmers. To reduce the time lag between the generation of technologies and their transfer to the farmers through the application of science and technology KVK works on the principle of "Teaching and learning by doing".
Genesis of KVK
The Education Commission (1964-66) recommended that a vigorous effort be made to establish specialized institutions to provide vocational education in agriculture and allied fields at the pre and postmatriculate levels to cater the training needs of a large number of boys and girls coming from rural areas. The Commission, further, suggested. That such institutions be named as ‘Agricultural Polytechnics’. The recommendation of the Commission was thoroughly discussed: during 1966-72 by the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture, Planning Commission, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and other allied institutions. Finally, the ICAR mooted the idea of establishing Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Agricultural Science Centres) as innovative institutions for imparting vocational training to the practicing farmers, school dropouts and field level extension functionaries.
The ICAR Standing Committee on Agricultural Education, in its meeting held in August, 1973, observed that since the establishment of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) was of national importance which would help in accelerating the agricultural production as also in improving the socio-economic conditions of the farming community, the assistance of all related institutions should be taken in implementing this scheme. The ICAR, therefore, constituted a committee in 1973 headed by Dr. Mohan Singh Mehta of Seva Mandir, Udaipur (Rajasthan), for working out a detailed plan for implementing this scheme. The Committee submitted its report in 1974.
The first KVK, on a pilot basis, was established in 1974 at Puducherry (Pondicherry) under the administrative control of the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
Mandates of KVK
- Conduct‘ On Farm Testing’ (OFT) in farmers’ field for identifying technologies suitable for location specific sustainable land-use systems.
- Organize‘ Frontline Demonstrations’ (FLD) on various crops/livestock to generate production data and feedback.
- Organize training programmes to update the extension personal with recent advances in agricultural research on a regular basis.
- Organize short and long term training courses in Agriculture and allied enterprises for farmers, rural youth and unemployed women with emphasis on “Learning by doing” for higher output and to generate self employment.
- Function as knowledge cum resource centre for agriculture and allied sectors in the district.
- Production of quality seeds and planting materials for distribution among the farmers.